Its flowers acquire a brownish-yellow color and a sour aroma. With the first rays of dawn, he completely discards the color. The durian fruit king ripens in the spring and summer: in Thailand, the ripened durian is rejoiced in the rainy season (from mid-April to September), the wonderful Phelippines, more precisely, the island of Davao, enjoy fruit all year round, and beautiful Indonesia is treated to creamy pulp in the winter months.
Spherical fruits (often slightly elongated) develop on trunks and branches and reach a diameter of up to 30 cm and can have a mass of up to 10 kg. The green outside the fruit has a rough fibrous structure and a hard shell, which is densely covered with pyramidal spines.
Inside the fruit boxes are shiny seeds ranging in size from 2 to 6 cm. Their color is from red-brown to pale yellow. The flesh is thick, creamy yellow. Unripe fruit smells. fresh grass. But the more it ripens, the more peculiar it becomes, turning into a very corrosive, sweet-putrid.
Due to the unpleasant smell in Asian countries, it is sometimes forbidden to bring durian to public places, for example, to transport, to some hotels, shops, etc. There is even a special tourist warning sign - durian, crossed out by a red line. This means that entering the room with exotic fruit is prohibited. After all, its “aroma” cannot be removed for a long time even with the help of cosmetics. In Thailand, this exotic is forbidden by law to be taken out of the country, this is reported at airports. Do not even try to do this, otherwise there may be big problems later. Eat it there, in the resort, since it is considered in Thailand as fruit No. 1. Although "hellish" stinks of hydrogen sulfide, but delicious!
How to eat durian
In addition, durian blends perfectly with coffee, and gourmets consider this breakfast one of the most sophisticated culinary delights. Even in Thai cuisine, its pulp is added to mousses and ice cream, and jam is prepared.
If the fruit is not ripe, then it is used as a vegetable: cut into slices and fry or stew with spices. And from durian and pumpkin, Thais prepare pasta, which is used as a spice. Sayur, (this is Indonesian fresh fish soup), red durian flesh gives a unique taste and aroma. Seeds are not thrown away, but fried and used as a seasoning. Also, local residents cook pulp with sugar and canned it.
Video: how to carve durian:
Ingredients: vitamins and minerals
The fruit is very rich in vitamins, fats, carbohydrates (27.09 g) and protein. But the pulp of the fetus contains vitamin C (19.7 mg - about 33% of the required daily intake), carotene, B vitamins (riboflavin, niacin, folic acid), nicotinic acid and essential minerals: iron, phosphorus and calcium.
Also, its composition includes indole, due to which durian has not only a terrible smell, but also bactericidal properties. And yet, durian is the only edible fruit containing organic sulfur, which is valued for its ability to remove toxins from the body. In addition, it is a component of proteins and hormones, is present in the composition of cells of the nervous and bone tissue, hair and skin. The high content of sucrose and fructose makes the fruit a valuable source of energy.
Durian calories per 100 g of pulp is 147 kcal:
- Proteins - 1.47 g
- Fats - 5.33 g
- Carbohydrates - 23.29 g
- Water - 64.99 g
- Dietary fiber - 3.8 g
- Ash - 1.12 g
- Cholesterol - 0 g
Composition and availability of nutrients
This fruit is very rich in proteins, fats, vitamins and carbohydrates. It is very important to know that there is no cholesterol in it. The pulp contains vitamin C, niacin, carotene, folic acid, riboflavin, calcium, iron, nicotinic acid and phosphorus.
In addition, it contains indole. It should be noted that only in it is organic sulfur.
Useful and healing properties
Durian is considered a unique fruit due to its organic sulfur content. It is she who is the cause of its characteristic and not very pleasant aroma. It is the only sulfur fruit in the world that is suitable for human consumption.
An unpleasant odor is a characteristic sign of the presence of indole in the fruits. It should be noted that the highly diluted indole has a completely opposite jasmine flavor. It is very useful because it has a bactericidal property.
At the beginning of the last century, Dur-India tablets began to be sold in many pharmacies, the main component of which was durian and a very rare Indian onion. The latter is very rich in vitamin E. If for several months, regularly use this drug, then concentrated vital energy will enter the body, which will make it more powerful and tireless. These pills have a positive effect on the spirit of a person, making him younger and clearer.
The pulp of this amazing fruit is an anthelmintic. The roots and leaves of durian are used to prepare a decoction, which will later be used as an antipyretic. People suffering from fever are given juice from the leaves of this plant to their heads. To remove skin inflammation, a decoction of leaves and fruits of durian is used. When spilling bile should take a healing bath from the leaves of this exotic fruit. The ash of this plant is used in the postpartum period.
It should be noted that durian is an absolute leader among all fruits in terms of nutrients, organic sulfur, antioxidants, fatty acids, protein, amino acids and vitamins. What is bioactive sulfur alone, the medicinal properties of which simply cannot be evaluated.
Harm and contraindications durian
The use of this exotic fruit is prohibited for people with high blood pressure.
In no case can it be combined with alcohol, as this can cause poisoning and a number of complications.
Durian is contraindicated in case of individual intolerance. It is not recommended for women during pregnancy and lactation.
What do durian fruits look like?
An ovoid, oval-oblong shape, usually about 20–25 cm long and weighing about 2–8 kg. Outwardly resemble giant chestnuts. The peel is thick, covered with large spiny, pyramidal growths, so it is difficult for inexperienced people to open durian. At first it is olive green, and in the process of maturation it gradually acquires a dark yellow or brown color. Inside the fruit is divided into 3–6 segments, which contain pulp and up to five seeds. The weight of yellow, fleshy, creamy pulp is 15–20% of the total fruit mass.
The presence of unsuitable parts for food and high transportation costs are the reasons why, in most cases, only frozen durian pulp extracted from the shell is delivered to stores in temperate zones.
When cultivated, gardeners prefer to pick fruits rather than wait for them to fall. The persistence of the peel in this case increases from 3-4 days to 9-11 days, which is important for sale.
Photo: Durian Fruit in a cut
The taste and smell of durian
In order to fully describe the unusual taste of an exotic fruit, which is called the “queen of all tropical fruits”, a lot of effort was made. He reminded one writer of buttery vanilla pudding with a touch of almond, fresh cheese and brown sherry. Other people compare it to the taste of walnut.
However, the strong smell of mature pulp is a real test for the nose. What smells like durian, different people describe in different ways, but no one calls its aroma pleasant. It resembles the smell of rotten onions, crushed garlic, rotten eggs or spoiled cheese. Some compare it to the smell coming from a clogged sewer pipe, a dirty toilet, or an overflowing container for organic waste.
For this reason, it is forbidden in South Asia to bring durians into public buildings and hotels, as well as transport by public transport. Almost all South Asian airlines do not allow them to be taken aboard.
Durian: useful properties and contraindications
1. Fruits are consumed fresh and processed. They are more nutritious than bananas, they contain a lot of minerals and vitamin C.
2. In folk medicine, fruits, bark, leaves and roots are used at high temperature and jaundice.
3. Indians believe that durian has tonic properties and increases potency.
4. In Chinese medicine, durian is used to strengthen and warm the body. At the end of the wellness procedure, the Chinese drink water from halves of the shell.
5. The heterocyclic compound indole contained in the soft part, which gives it a fetid odor, has an antibacterial effect.
6. The composition also includes sulfur, which helps get rid of toxins, neutralizes toxic substances, normalizes glucose levels.
7. The bark is well suited for bleaching silk and smoking fish.
8. Houses and masts are built from wood, furniture is made.
- Categorically it is not recommended to use durian pulp with alcohol. In such a combination, it causes severe stomach cramps and bloating. Medical studies of this phenomenon have not yielded an unambiguous result, however, according to scientists, no harmful interactions arise, and complaints pass through time on their own.
- Do not use this fruit in large quantities in the heat, as it can cause fever, gastrointestinal problems and sore throat.
- Individual intolerance occurs.
Caloric content of durian, composition and content of nutrients
With a calorie content of 147 kcal per 100 g, an exotic fruit contains 3.8 g of ballast substances, more than 60% water, 25-30% fat.
- water - 66.99 g
- carbohydrates - 27.09 g,
- fats - 5.33 g,
- proteins - 1.47 g.
- C - 19.7 mg
- B1 - 0.37 mg
- B2 0.2 mg
- B3 - 1.07 mg,
- B5 0.23 mg
- B6 0.32 mg
- folic acid - 36 mcg,
- A - 2 mcg.
- potassium - 0.44 g
- calcium - 6 mg
- phosphorus - 39 mg,
- magnesium - 30 mg
- sodium - 2 mg
- iron - 0.43 mg
- Manganese - 0.33 mg
- zinc - 0.28 mg
- copper - 0.21 mg.
- beta-carotene - 23 mcg,
- alpha-carotene - 6 mcg.
How to eat durian recipes
To open a fruit with a strong skin along the partitions separating the segments (at the “seams”) you will need a large, strong knife. Some even use a hammer and chisel. The extracted pieces of pulp are broken by hand and the seeds are taken out of them.
The pulp is consumed raw. Some sprinkle it with sugar and eat along with sticky rice (English Sticky Rice). In addition to sweets, there are fruits with a spicy taste, the pulp of which is seasoned with salt, pepper and onions. Soups are prepared from half-ripe specimens. Seeds are fried in vegetable oil.
Pulp is well absorbed with dairy products. She, including in the form of powder, put in ice cream, milkshakes, puddings. Residents of Malaysia are preparing a dish of green peas and durian - Barbur Durian. Peas are left overnight in salted water and then boiled until soft. Then boiled water with cane sugar and durian pulp are added. At the end of cooking pour sago croup. Tourists are better known for the sandwich mass, pies and pancakes with durian.
Too intense foul smell indicates overripe fruit. If the aroma is absent, then it is still green. For a long time, fresh durian should not be stored, as it quickly becomes rancid or begins to rot. In Asian countries, the flesh is salted and wrapped in palm leaves, in which it is stored for up to a year. In Europe, shops offer deep freeze durian.
Soft Durian Ice Cream
- deep freeze durian
- 1 thick circle of zucchini, half a banana or a bunch of fresh honey melon,
- some filtered water (the amount depends on how much the food has melted),
- Fresh seasonal fruits.
- 2 tbsp. l Turkish delight powder (makes ice cream even more creamy)
- vanilla on the tip of a knife (or a little more to taste).
- Put in the bowl not frozen zucchini (banana or melon), then add the frozen fruits and puree it all with a blender for 1-2 minutes, so that a mass resembling creamy soft ice cream is obtained. To achieve the desired consistency, it is recommended to use a finisher.
- Arrange the mass in a bowl. Put halves of strawberries or other finely chopped fruits on top. Suitable, for example, blueberries, honey melon and passion fruit.
At will, you can:
- sprinkle the mass with coconut,
- add a little chilli in powder before or during pureeing (gives piquancy),
- mix half ice cream with 1 tbsp. a spoonful of cocoa powder.
For the test:
- squirrels - 4 pcs.,
- yolks - 6 pcs.,
- a pinch of sugar
- flour - 75 g
- food starch - 75 g,
- a pinch of salt.
For filling and decoration:
- yolks - 3 pcs.,
- durian pulp - 200 g,
- durian juice - 100 ml,
- vanilla pod
- Madeira - 70 ml
- some beans are thin
- cream - 100 ml,
- mascarpone cheese - 100 ml,
- apricot marmalade - 1 tbsp. l.,
- icing sugar - 1 tsp.
- Beat whites with salt. Beat six yolks with 100 g of sugar. Add proteins. Then pour the starch and flour sifted through a sieve. Put the dough on a baking sheet lined with food paper and bake at 180 ° C for about 10 minutes. When the biscuit is slightly browned, remove it from the oven, lightly sprinkle with sugar and cover with a clean towel.
- Durian pulp cut into cubes. Warm the juice along with cinnamon cut along the stick.
- Beat the rest of the yolks into foam, adding Madeira. Stir in chopped tonka beans.
- Beat cream, mix with mascarpone and chilled, half-pureed fruit pulp. Apricot sponge cake with marmalade and apply cream from cream. Carefully roll into roll.
- Pour juice on a plate first, and put sliced and sprinkled with icing sugar on it. On the sides you can put a little cream Sabayon.
How to grow durian at home
Germination capacity of Durio zibethinus seeds disappears quickly, especially if they lie in the sun. In the refrigerator, viability lasts about a week, and in an airtight container, after sterilization of the surface - up to one month. Seeds extracted from fresh pulp should be planted within 24 hours. They should be half peeking out of the substrate. Germination takes a maximum of a week.
Soil will suit clay. The roots do not tolerate excessive moisture, so it is important to make good drainage. Otherwise, the tree will die from the fungus. The temperature is needed 24-30 ° C. Cold durian does not tolerate well: if the temperature drops below 7 ° C, then it will discard the leaves and will soon die. The grown plant is fed with organic fertilizers that lower the acidity of the substrate.
It’s unlikely to grow a big dope. But if he nevertheless grows, then the owner will have to take him to his homeland, since in Russia these trees do not take root anywhere.
In conclusion, we recommend that you watch the educational program about durian from the “Live Healthy” cycle: