The recipe for a real porcelain was invented in Ancient China, and was guarded for 7 seals as a state secret, and modern masters have an analogue of cold porcelain. This mixture has nothing to do with the noble composition, but is named so because of the visual fragility and translucency of the crafts. Today we’ll talk about how to make cold porcelain with your own hands, we will study different ways of cooking with a photo and a step-by-step description of the work.
What is cold porcelain?
Cold porcelain (HF) is a plastic mixture mainly of different types of starches, oils, PVA glue and glycerin, which is used for creativity. Today, HF is a completely natural, harmless, convenient and affordable material for decorative molding. When cooling, the mixture hardens, and this distinguishes CP from polymer clay.
Recipe number 1 "Classic"
- 1 cup PVA glue,
- 1 cup potato powder
- couple of art. l glycerin
- 1 tbsp. l any baby cream.
Potato starch cold porcelain for beginners is made as follows:
- Pour glue into the container, immediately put on a medium-sized fire, first enter the baby cream, actively stirring.
- Add glycerin, but do not stop stirring, add a little starch.
- Soon the mass will thicken, and visually will begin to resemble a curd.
- Over time, you get a lump, which is transferred from the container to the table greased with cream.
- Let the mixture cool slightly and knead until a plasticine-like consistency is formed.
Recipe number 2 "Corn"
- a pair of cups of starch (corn),
- as many PVA
- 3 tbsp. l petrolatum, glycerin and butter like Johnson’s Baby,
- 1 tsp acid (citric acid).
Cold porcelain from starch is prepared as follows:
- Combine all the wet ingredients and cook them over low heat until a smooth mixture comes out.
- Pour in the corn powder and mix so that a ball forms on the exit.
- Remove it from the bowl and knead by hand.
- If the bun is hot, cover it with a towel and wait for it to cool slightly.
Recipe number 3 "Without cooking"
Cold porcelain without cooking is prepared using the functions of a microwave. Take:
- potato starch - a cup,
- PVA furniture Suite - cup,
- 3 tbsp. l glycerin
- a pinch of lemons,
- water - 1 tbsp. l
- a pair of spoons of cream and petroleum jelly.
To your attention a master class on the manufacture of cold porcellan in the microwave:
- Pour water into a small cup and pour lemon to-that.
- Pour potato powder and glycerin into a bowl, grind well.
- Add glue to the container, grind until smooth.
- Put in the microwave for 60 seconds, remove and knead. Repeat the manipulation three times. Mix all clots that appear periodically with the liquid.
- After place the container in the microwave for 30 seconds, repeat three times, stirring occasionally.
- When heated, the glue takes on a slightly milky hue. Potato starch is snow-white, so the pigment will give only PVA.
- Now send the mixture three times to the microwave for 20 seconds, and then several times for 10 seconds, so that the composition becomes homogeneous and viscous. Do not be lazy to mix all the components.
- In the end, place the vessel a couple more times for 5-7 seconds in the oven, so that the mixture acquires the consistency of plasticine.
- Move it to a creamy table and knead it in pieces.
- Let the lump lie down, then smear the plastic bag with petroleum jelly, and wrap the dough with it. Leave for 5 hours.
- Lubricate your hands with cream, and wash out the HF for 10-15 minutes.
- To bring the material to the ideal, take a piece and place it for 5 seconds in the microwave, repeat 6-7 times. As a result, the consistency will be ideal for sculpting thin, carved details of crafts.
- It is better to stain the composition with oil paint, as the watercolor fades.
Option No. 4 "With formaldehyde"
- 1 cup corn starch,
- 1 cup of chalk in powder
- a couple cups of vinyl-based PVA glue,
- 6 tsp liquid petroleum jelly,
- 6 drops of formaldehyde (formalin) * with this substance you need to work with gloves, it releases toxins.
- Combine chalk powder and starch, mix PVA and petroleum jelly.
- After compaction, add formalin.
- If the mixture is excessively thick, dilute it slightly with water.
- Stir well and keep in cellophane in a cool place.
The advantages of this HF is that you can not cook it, the dough will not crack, deteriorate, and will tolerate staining.
Recipe No. 5 "The Cold Way"
- 2 tbsp. l starch
- petroleum jelly - a full tablespoon,
- a pinch of baking soda
- 3 tbsp. tablespoons of glue PVA.
Cold porcelain cooking:
- In a dry and clean bowl, place the starch, and introduce the petroleum jelly there. Grind the composition.
- Enter the soda while stirring.
- Gradually inject glue.
- Grind everything until smooth. If the dough is thick, then add petroleum jelly, and if viscous, add a little glue.
Recipe No. 6 "Soda Porcellan"
- 200 gr. - soda,
- 100 g. - corn starch,
- 150 ml. - water.
The recipe for cooking is extremely simple:
- Combine the corn powder and soda, add water a little.
- Get a homogeneous slurry. Place it on the stove, turning on the slow gas under it.
- Stir while continuing to digest. It will take 2.5 minutes to the desired state.
- Pour the cottage cheese onto a table covered with a rag napkin. Knead.
- In appearance you will get a snowy, shiny lump.
Important! This material does not stretch like glue options, but it is perfectly molded and rolled to transparency.
Option No. 7 “Original”
Cold porcelain without starch is prepared like this. Take:
- 2 tbsp. L.- Wallpaper glue,
- 2 tbsp. L.- soda (food),
- 2 tbsp. L.- pure water,
- 2 tbsp. L.- Vaseline or detergent.
- All components are combined into one snow-white mass.
- Grind to smoothness.
- They are pulled down with cellophane, and stored in a cool place.
- Craft after drying is reduced in volume by 30%.
- You need to cook the mixture in Teflon or glassware, but not in aluminum.
- Many masters advise to let the dough stand after preparation for a day.
- It is not advisable to store the material in the refrigerator.
- To remove excess moisture, change the bag containing the mass to a new one.
- Thoroughly knead all the ingredients so that subsequently the dough does not crack.
- Before putting the dough in a film, coat it with baby oil to prevent the development of the fungus.
- Before starting sculpting, lubricate the hands with baby cream so that the mass does not stick.
- Cold porcelain flowers are light and elegant.
- For natural coloring, it is necessary to apply food coloring on the finished product, and hold it over steam, then the dye is absorbed.
- If you use corn powder, the products will be white, but potato makes them yellowish.
- When purchasing glue, pay attention to the label, the composition should include a plasticizer responsible for elasticity.
- If the mass does not hold its shape, add corn or potato powder.
- If cracks begin to appear on the test, add a little more glue to it.
Cold porcelain painting
HF, which is made by hand at home, can be painted in any color. For this, such coloring agents are suitable:
- food coloring,
- the shadows
- powder dyes, etc.
It is only necessary to add pigment at the kneading stage, so that the shade is uniform.
From the above compositions, craftsmen make beautiful panels, photo frames, decorations for flower pots, postcards and other author's decor. Do you have any comments and tips for beginning masters? Write to readers in the comments.
Improved Cold Porcelain Recipe
You will need:
- Corn Starch (150 grams)
- Hand cream white (teaspoon)
- Glycerin (teaspoon)
- Water (100 milliliters)
- PVA glue (150 milliliters)
Plastic Cold Porcelain
What determines the ductility of cold porcelain? Honestly, I still don’t know for sure. I tried different oils (palm, coconut, grape seed and others), PVA glue of different manufacturers and different compositions (with and without additives). When cold porcelain turned out to be soft and viscous, I rejoiced, thinking that here it is, the most correct ratio. But in the repetition it could turn out that the dough is not so plastic, alas.
What I understood for myself: a lot depends on PVA glue.
It doesn’t matter which manufacturer and with which additives. If the glue is liquid, then my mass was viscous, but not plastic. But the glue that has stood for some time, which has already become dense, gives me the opportunity to prepare plastic cold porcelain.
How to make cold porcelain at home, read below.
Basic cold porcelain recipe without cooking
The ingredients and their ratios are as follows:
- Corn starch - 2 tablespoons,
- PVA glue (any) 2 tablespoons,
- Glycerin 5-10 drops,
- Petroleum jelly or petroleum jelly oil, also suitable baby cream (greasy and colorless or white) - one tablespoon.
The first part is a mixture of starch, glycerin and petroleum jelly.
In a dry container, mix with a stirrer (you can use a regular spoon) starch, glycerin and petroleum jelly. Despite the fact that at first it seems to you that starch does not completely “absorb” glycerin and petroleum jelly, after thorough grinding you will get cereals rather than flour. It is this consistency that should be your mass in the first stage.
Try to grind the mass thoroughly, until small flakes are obtained.
The second part is the addition of PVA.
Add your PVA glue to the resulting mass. If it is very liquid, then half of what is written in the "Ingredients" section. If PVA is a thick consistency, then just as much as indicated in the recipe above.
In extreme cases, if you are afraid to pour in a little or a lot - add in small portions.
Again, mix thoroughly, getting a homogeneous dough. At this point, you can move on to mixing manually, as if you are kneading a dough for baking.
Collect dry flakes remaining on the vessel walls and knead in the finished dough. Plastic mass does not become immediately, but gradually, after thorough mixing.
Next, to get a softer and more uniform mass, wash your hands, apply liquid paraffin (petroleum jelly) or prepared baby cream on them and start mixing again.
Watch your feelings - you can add petroleum jelly on your hands if the mass seems to you too dry. Here the principle “You can’t spoil your porridge with oil” applies.
To see how plastic the mass is, gently pull the piece in different directions. It should not be immediately torn into two.
In some recipes that I found on the Internet, it is advised to leave the mass for a couple of hours, but not in the refrigerator. However, as I was convinced, this is not necessary. You can sculpt from it immediately after cooking.
How to store cold porcelain. Tips from Helga.
Home-made cold porcelain can retain its properties and not deteriorate (mold usually appears) from a few days to 2-3 weeks. I prefer to cook small batches of porcelain.
If you want cold porcelain to survive longer, add a few drops of lemon juice or vinegar when kneading (1 tbsp. Spoon per 200 g of starch), it will serve as a natural preservative.
Store the resulting mass in a sealed container (container), tightly packing it in cling film or bag. So it will not dry out and will remain suitable for sculpting. Lubricate the film with petroleum jelly or baby cream.
DO NOT PUT IN THE REFRIGERATOR. The mass will deteriorate almost immediately.
I recorded a separate video tutorial on how to make cold china in this way. The video can be viewed below, and the full decryption is available at the link: Cold porcelain without cooking and coloring with food colors.
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- Take a saucepan and mix all the liquid ingredients.
- Stir the elements until smooth over medium heat.
- Add starch a little and keep stirring.
- Keep the mixture on fire until it is thick.
- Put the mixture on a wet kitchen towel.
- Wrap a towel and knead the mixture like dough until it cools completely.
- Remove the towel and continue to knead the mixture with your hands.
- Knead until it becomes soft and stops sticking.
- Transfer the mixture to a plastic bag.
Making cold porcelain without cooking
You will need:
- PVA glue
- Petroleum jelly
- A bowl
- Potato starch
- Take a bowl and mix 2 tablespoons of starch and a tablespoon of petroleum jelly.
- Add a pinch of soda.
- Add 2 teaspoons of PVA glue.
- Mash the mass in your hands until soft.
- Lubricate the mass with petroleum jelly.
Coloration of cold porcelain
Porcelain can be painted in various ways. To do this, use acrylic, oil paints, food colors. Add the desired color to the finished mixture and knead like dough.
To paint the finished product, apply your chosen color with a brush. Then dry the product over the kettle steam. With the help of steam, porcelain absorbs paint better, and the color looks natural.
The drying time of porcelain depends on the thickness of the product. The thinner the product, the faster the drying process! On average, porcelain dries from one to five days. Use the oven to speed up the drying process.
Cold porcelain is a soft and plastic material. From it you can create a huge number of crafts. Fantasy and amaze your friends!